tareeqat

Tasawwuf (part 1) PDF Print E-mail
Written by Anwar-un-Nabi (?????????? ??? ???? ????)   
Sunday, 21 September 2008 23:36

Imam Muhammad Masum al-Faruqi (rahmat-Allahi taala alaih), who was a specialist in tasawwuf, great alim and leader of the awliya of his time, wrote in the fifty-ninth letter of the second volume of his Maktubat:

All the paths of tasawwuf come from Rasulullah ??? ???? ???? ? ???

All the outward and spiritual perfections have been attained through Muhammad Rasulullah (sall-Allahu taala alaihi wa sallam). The orders and prohibitions, which are outward, have been transmitted to us through the books written by our aimmat al-madhhahib. And the hidden knowledge pertaining to the heart and soul have been conducted through the great men of tasawwuf.

It is written in the Sahih of al-Bukhari that Abu Huraira (radi-Allahu taala anh) said,

I filled two cups from Rasulullah (sall-Allahu taala alaihi wa sallam). I have explained the contents of one of them. You would kill me if I disclosed the other.

It is also written in the Sahih of al-Bukhari that when Umar (radi-Allahu taala anh) died, his son Abdullah (radi-Allahu taala anh) said that nine-tenths of knowledge had died and, seeing that the listeners were confused, added that he meant not the knowledge of fiqh but the knowledge of knowing Allahu taala.

All the paths of tasawwuf come from Rasulullah (sall-Allahu taala alaihi wa sallam). The superiors of tasawwuf have attained the maarif emanating from the blessed heart of Rasulullah (sall-Allahu taala alaihi wa sallam) through their rehbers in every century.

Tasawwuf was not made up by Jews or mutasawwifs. Indeed the terms fana, baqa, jadhba, suluk and sair-i ilallah, which were used for attainments on the way of tasawwuf, were first used by the great leaders of tasawwuf.

It is written in Nafakhat that Abu Said al-Harraz (radi-Allahu taala anh) was the first one who used the terms fana and baqa. Then maarif of tasawwuf came from Rasulullah (sall-Allahu taala alaihi wa sallam). The names for these maarif were given later. It is written in many books that, before he was notified of his Prophethood, he had performed dhikr by heart.

I filled two cups from Rasulullah ??? ???? ???? ? ???. I have explained the contents of one of them. You would kill me if I disclosed the other {footnote}Abu-Huraira ????????? ???? - Hadith - Sahih Bukhari{/footnote}


Tawajjuh (thinking deeply) towards Allahu taala, the dhikrs of nafi (negation) and ithbat (affirmation) and muraqaba (mediation) existed during the time of Rasulullah (sall-Allahu taala alaihi wa sallam) and the as-Sahabat al-kiram (radi-Allahu taala anhum ajmain), too. Although the above terms had not been heard from Rasulullah (sall-Allahu taala alaihi wa sallam), his frequent reticencies showed that he had those ahwal (pl. of hal, spiritual state). He declared,

A little tafakkur is more beneficial than the ibadat of a thousand years.

Tafakkur means (exercise of) discarding absurd thoughts and meditating on the Reality. Khidir (alaihi s-salam) taught Abd al-Khaliq al-Ghunjdawani (rahmat-Allahi taala alaih) that mutasawwifs should perform dhikr by repeating the kalimat at-tawhid

continuedin article "Tasawwuf (part 2)" ...

- Imam Muhammad Masum al-Faruqi
(rahmat-Allahi taala alaih)
fifty-ninth letter of the second volume of his Maktubat,
Reformatted extracts from the book
"Advice for the Muslim - Eleventh Edition", p25+
Hakikat Kitabevi
Waqf Ikhlas Publications
Istanbul, Turkey

 

Last Updated on Sunday, 08 August 2010 00:29